Solar activity associated with the Earth’s atmosphere can cause fluctuations in electrical currents in space, directly affecting Earth’s energy grid and energizing electrons and protons trapped in Earth’s magnetic field. These disturbances can cause problems in radio communications, Global Navigation Satellite Systems (such as Global Positioning Systems or GPS), power grids and satellites.
The ability of scientists to find a solution to that problem has been greatly hindered until now. This is due to the fact that gravity affects laboratory studies conducted on Earth in very different ways than in space conditions.
However, a recent study by UCLA physicists may help solve that problem. They succeeded in generating a type of gravity in or near stars and other planets in a glass sphere about 3 centimeters (about 1.2 inches) in diameter. Their study would be an important step in ensuring the safety of astronauts (and their equipment) during space travel and the proper operation of satellites.
They achieved this by using sound waves to generate spherical gravity and plasma convection. The gas cools as it approaches the surface of the body and warms up again and rises again as it reaches the center. This process creates fluid, which creates a magnetic field.
Seth Putterman, UCLA physics professor and senior author of the study, said, “People were so interested in trying to model the circular connection through laboratory experiments that they did experiments in space because they couldn’t find enough space for the central force on the ground. “We showed that our microwave sound system produces magnetic fields so strong that Earth’s gravity was not a factor. We no longer need to go into space to do these experiments.”
Sulfur gas was heated in a glass container using microwaves by UCLA scientists up to 5,000 degrees Fahrenheit. The sound waves inside the sphere acted like gravity, preventing the hot, very thin gas—known as plasma—from traveling in the same directions as the star’s plasma.
The scientists heated the sulfur gas in a glass container using microwaves to a temperature of 5,000 degrees Fahrenheit. The sound waves inside the sphere acted like gravity, preventing the plasma from moving in the same directions as the interstellar plasma. By beaming microwaves into a spherical bottle of hot plasma, scientists have achieved a magnetic field 1,000 times stronger than Earth’s gravity.
Hot gas rises to Earth’s surface because gravity pulls the denser, colder gas toward the center of the planet.
Scientists have discovered that the hot, luminous gas toward the outer part of the ring pushes outwards and the boundaries of the region. Turbulence near the Sun’s surface was produced by a strong, persistent gravitational pull. The hot gas sinks to the center of the sphere because the acoustic gravity in the inner half of the sphere changes direction and is directed outward. The hottest plasma in the experiment was in the center of the gravitational field, as in stars.
Scientists can understand and predict how the sun’s weather affects spacecraft and satellite communication systems if they can control and manipulate the solar system in ways that match the sun’s planetary alignments. . For example, a solar storm last year destroyed 40 SpaceX satellites. Military technology has also had problems with this phenomenon: for example, the production of turbulent plasma around hypersonic missiles can disrupt communication between weapon systems.
- John P. Koulakis, Yotam Ofek, Seth Pree, and Seth Putterman. Thermal Convection in Central Force Field Intersted by Sound. Physical Examination Letters. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.034002