Health News Most heart disease deaths could be prevented by dietary changes: Study

Angels [US]December 26 (ANI): Heart disease is one of the deadliest causes of life threatening in the world today.

With a healthy diet, more than two-thirds of heart-related deaths worldwide could be avoided, concluded a study published in the ‘European Society of Cardiology Journal’ and the European Heart Journal – Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes. ESC)’.

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The findings were made on the occasion of World Food Day, which emphasizes the importance of accessible and sustainable healthy food for all.

“Our analysis shows that unhealthy diet, high blood pressure, and high serum cholesterol are the top three contributors to heart attack and death from angina — collectively known as ischemic heart disease,” said study author Dr. Siniao Liu of Central South University, Changsha. China added, “It was consistent across developed and developing countries.”

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“Over 6 million deaths could be avoided by increasing fish, fruit, vegetables, nuts and whole grains, reducing intake of processed foods, sugary drinks, trans and saturated fats, and reducing added salt and sugar. Ideally, we should eat. 200 to 300 from seafood every day. milligrams of omega 3 fatty acids. On top of that, every day we should aim for 200 to 300 grams of fruit, 290 to 430 grams of vegetables, 16 to 25 grams of nuts, and 100 to 1500. grams of whole grains,” she added.

The study analyzed data provided by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017, which was conducted in 195 countries between 1990 and 2017.2 In 2017, there were 126.5 million people living with ischemic heart disease, and 10.6 million new diagnoses of the condition. Ischemic heart disease caused 8.9 million deaths in 2017, accounting for 16% of all deaths compared to 12.6% of all deaths in 1990.

Between 1990 and 2017, age-standardized prevalence, incidence and mortality rates per 100,000 people decreased by 11.8%, 27.4% and 30%, respectively. But the absolute number almost doubled. Dr. Liu said: “Despite advances in heart disease prevention and survival, especially in developed countries, the number of people affected continues to rise due to population growth and aging,” she said.

The researchers calculated the effect of 11 risk factors on death from ischemic heart disease. These are diet, high blood pressure, high serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high plasma glucose, tobacco use, high body mass index (BMI), air pollution, low physical activity, impaired kidney function, lead exposure, and alcohol. Use it. Specifically, they estimated the proportion of deaths that could have eliminated the risk factor.

Assuming all other risk factors are unchanged, a healthy diet could prevent 69.2% of all cardiovascular deaths worldwide. Meanwhile, 54.4% of these deaths could be prevented if systolic blood pressure was maintained at 110–115 mmHg, while 41.9% of deaths could be prevented if serum LDL was maintained at 0.7–1.3 mmol/L. About a quarter of deaths (25.5%) could be prevented if serum fasting plasma glucose were maintained at 4.8-5.4 mmol/L, while elimination of smoking and second-hand smoke could reduce one-fifth (20.6%) of deaths from ischemic heart disease. ) can be prevented. .

Notably, tobacco use ranks as the fourth largest contributor to heart disease deaths in men but only seventh in women. Between 1990 and 2017, the global prevalence of smoking decreased by 28.4% among men and 34.4% among women. High BMI was the fifth contributor to ischemic heart disease deaths in women and the sixth in men. For women, 18.3% of deaths from ischemic heart disease can be prevented if BMI is maintained at 20-25 kg/m2. In both sexes, the percentage contribution of air pollution and lead exposure to age-standardized ischemic heart disease mortality increased as the country of residence became less developed.

Dr. Liu said: “Ischemic heart disease is largely preventable through healthy behaviors and individuals should take steps to improve their habits. Also, geographically tailored strategies are needed – for example, programs to reduce salt intake may have the greatest benefit in areas where consumption is high. (like China or Central Asia).(ANI)

(This is an edited and auto-generated story from a syndicated news feed, a recent staff member may not have modified or edited the body of the content)

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